Saturday, April 8, 2017

Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) about Open Government

Delft University of Technology launches Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) about Open Government

While governments all over the world aim to become more open and transparent, opening the government is a complex and challenging problem. How can governments become more open and transparent, while simultaneously dealing with various challenges, such as data sensitivity? How can open government data be made available to improve public policy making? Which technologies are available to make governments more open and to use open government data?

We at Delft University of Technology will be teaching a free Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) about Open Government soon. The MOOC starts on April 17, 2016, and will run for 5 weeks. Enrolment for our MOOC is possible now via An informative video about the MOOC is available at

This Open Government MOOC is aimed at university students, professionals, government officials, policy advisors and researchers,  but is open to anyone interested in Open Government. It will help participants grasp the key principles of open government, and answers questions like: 'What are the best practices for opening governments? And how to give citizens access to governmental data to answer their questions?' Most importantly, participants will apply the topics of the course to concrete cases.

What participants will learn:

·       Basic concepts related to Open Government and Open Government Data

·       How to analyze and discuss benefits, barriers and potential negative effects of a particular open government case

·       How to analyze public values and best practices related to open government

·       How to apply the open government principles in various situations

·       To understand potential negative and positive effects Open Government might bring

This MOOC includes lectures by:

·       Prof. Marijn Janssen - Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands, Head of ICT section and professor in ICT and governance

·       Dr. Anneke Zuiderwijk - Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands, Researcher in Open Data

·       Dr. Bastiaan van Loenen - Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands, Associate Professor in geo-information and land development

·       Dr. Tomasz Janowski, United Nations University, Portugal, head of United Nations University, Operating Unit on Policy-Driven Electronic Governance

·       Prof. Keith Jeffery, Cardiff University, United Kingdom, professor in Computer Science & Informatics

·       Dr. Amr Ali Eldin, Leiden University, The Netherlands, senior lecturer in Computer Science and Information Technology

·       Dr. Iryna Susha, Örebro University, Sweden and guest at Delft University of Technology, The Netherlands, postdoctoral researcher on data collaboratives

Friday, November 25, 2016

Visiting eGovlab, SICS and more in Stockholm

In November 2016 I had the opportunity to visit the egovlab, at the Department of Computer Science in Stockholm University.  I visited the lab on the day of the celebration for the 50 years of the computer science department, so I had the chance to see a lot of friends, professors at the department.

With Vassilis Koulolias, director of eGovlab

eGovlab and our Digital Governance Research Centre have several research areas in common, that will materialise in forthcoming jointly planned projects in the areas of co-creation, open government and advanced services for citizens and businesses.

Also, I had the chance to see the way that the new DSV building is operating, covering the needs for a lot of different types of inhabitants: professors, students,  researchers, startups, collaborating companies, citizens. high school pupils, and more - all can find their place within this multi-functional, dynamically re-organised facility.  And it looks great too !

Views from the DSV building: not a typical University !

On the same day, I also spent some time at the Swedish Research Centre SICS  and be guided in some innovative embedded systems software projects by Colleague Efi.

With Efi Papatheocharous, outside SICS offices

And of course, not to forget my ex-students Antonis and Meletis, that now after their BSc in Samos and an MSc in DSV, already work in the Swedish ICT sector.  
With Antonis and Meletis, tasting Stockholm night life

Thursday, February 4, 2016

Joining the Global Venture Lab at UC Berkeley

In early January 2016 I had the chance to join the annual meeting of the Global Venture Lab at University California Berkeley.  The Global Venture Lab (GVL) is a network and collaborations of international institutions founded in 2009.  GVL seeks to foster entrepreneurship within the University and to bring Berkeley’s research capability to industry collaborations.  To these ends, the GVL members share best practices in entrepreneurship & innovation, host transnational multi-disciplinary research,  contribute to the globally-connected ecosystem of the Center for Entrepreneurship & Technology at UC Berkeley.

During the meeting I had the pleasure to present the Aegean Startups initiative of University of the Aegean, targeting Demand-Driven entrepreneurship.  The slides of my presentation can be found here: 

Presenting Aegean Startups at UC Berkeley

The GVL members, January 2016
More information on GVL can be found here: 

Tuesday, February 2, 2016

Uni Aegean finishes second in Europe at the Microsoft Night of the Living Devs 2015

With the students from Aegean at Microsoft
Three student groups from the University of the Aegean formed by the Student Guru Community of the Department of Information and Communication Systems Engineering in Samos, participated in this year's round of European Microsoft "Night Of the Living Devs" - contest of 24 hours non stop programming.

The best team in the Aegean finished second in Europe among 500 teams from 15 countries, with a new social media application, operating only through video posting ! 

Well done to the boys and girls of ICSD / Student Guru, who were pioneers, making the core of the largest representation of Greek Universities.

The three Uni Aegean Teams

A different "project": Being Santa for the kids of "Kivotos tou Kosmou"

On the eve of 2016 we had the chance to visit the Kivotos tou Kosmou  (Arc of the World) organisation and give gifts to the boys and girls that stay at the shelter hostels.  Together with members of the Information Systems Laboratory of the University of the Aegean, we selected, packed and delivered more than 50 parcels with all shorts of toys for young boys and girls.

Vassiliki with the parcels
The "Ark of the World" is a Non-Profit Organization for the Special Care and Protection of Mothers and Children which operates on the care of children who were living under conditions of negligence and abandonment, without medical attendance, without a future; most of them coming from single parent families and many of them without parents. The "Ark of the World" was founded in 1998 by the twenty-six-year (then) old priest, Father Antonios Papanikolaou, having as his weapons his love for children and his wish to create a nest of affection and care for the "other children" of Athens.

The IS-Lab team at Kivotos

The joy of the kids, the interest and appreciation of the Kivotos's staff, the love of all of them were the best possible reward for us all.  

We look forward to being again with the kids, at the first possibility !

With the kids and the toys !

Tuesday, January 26, 2016

The 2015 Zagreb Forum on Smart Cities

On November 24, 2015 I had the chance to be an invited speaker at the international Zagreb Forum, that was held with its main subject being Smart Cities.

The Zagreb Forum is a yearly gathering of government officials, practitioners, industrial representatives and researchers around a governance topic.  This year, the overarching issue was "Co-Creation of Creative City by Citizens". 

I had the pleasure to listen to several interesting presentations from Smart (or to-be-smart) Cities from all over Europe.  One should note the presentations from Amsterdam, Barcelona, Ljubljana and Vienna, among many others. 

I presented the SMART-MED approach, a method for developing smart city / smart islands solutions through enabling entrepreneurship in local societies.  The SMART-MED approach is already a proposal by a consortium comprising islands and municipalities from Greece, Cyprus, Slovenia, Croatia and Italy.

More information on the Zagreb 2015 Forum can be found at:

My presentation on Smart Islands is at: 

Addressing Zagreb Forum, on Smart Islands 

With other speakers of the panel, at Zagreb Forum

With Blaz Golob, one of Zagreb Forum organisers, at the reception / Zagreb Palace

Saturday, January 23, 2016

Speaking on entrepreneurship in Papagou High School

Since September 2015, the 1st Lyceum of Papagou invited me for a talk on entrepreneurship, towards 2nd and 3rd grade students (that is 17 and 18 years of age).  It was only on November 2015 that I managed to spend some time with them.

Grouped in two teams, with more than 100 persons in each, it was an audience rather difficult to motivate.  We needed more than 20 minutes of ice-braking dicsussion and teasing to get in shape for the main menu: an one-hour talk on the "Facts and Myths of Entrepreneurship", my newest composition of knowledge, experience and issues for discussion.

What I learned or remembered in these 2 X 2 = 4 hours ?

- High school students are always ready to give credit or interest to non-standard presenters
- How anxious last-graders are with their university exams.
- How enjoyable it is to be next to young(er than university) students. At least, for four hours every now ant then ..

I would gladly come back !

With the 2nd grade

With the 3rd grade

Monday, January 18, 2016

The Aegean Startups Finals

In early October 2015 we organised the final day of Aegean Startups entrepreneurship competition. It was the culmination of more than 8 months of selecting and mentoring teams of students and young to-be entrepreneurs.  

More than 60 ideas were submitted in the first round, in the 4 categories of the competition: tourism and culture, agriculture and traditional food products, transportation and commerce, ICT and governance. Approximately half of them made it in the second round, having then to submit more elaborate business plans with the help of external mentors.  Each proposal was evaluated by 3 business mentors and 10 of them were given prizes and awards at the finals.

The day was combined with visits and workshops to OrangeGrove, Google Greece and Intrasoft International on the day before, giving the opportunity to team members to present and discuss their ideas with other startup-ers and business angels.

At the Orange Grove, with teams of students

At Google Greece premises in Athens

The final "ceremony" was attended by more than 100 people from business and academia, acting as a lively audience to student teams.  Awards ranged from money prizes, computers and tablets, to positions in late-stage incubators like Microsoft Innovation Centre, Orange Grove, TheAthensIncubator, etc.

The winner teams with their awards 

A nice top-up for the finals organisation was the appearance in Greek Public Television morning zone in the day after, discussing live with students on their ideas and their plans for the future.

Aegean Startups in ERT television

A nice wrap-up video of the whole experience of the two days can be seen below (video recording and editing by Orestis Zacharogiannis)

Smart Cities and Local Development - training in Samos and Rhodes

In September and October 2015 I had the chance to meet with local administration officials, young entrepreneurs and students, during one-day specialised training sessions on "Smart Cities and Local Development with the participation of Administration, Industry and Academia", held in Samos and Rhodes.

These training workshops attracted audience from local communities and were a good platform to work on a few innovative ideas for public-private partnership development - which later led to the SMART-MED project idea on developing smart-city solutions via entrepreneurship and not procurement.

With my audience in Samos
Together with colleagues from the University of the Aegean, we talked and discussed on cases for smart cities, e-government solutions in local administration, joint programmes between municipalities and enterprises, funding opportunities and the sort.

Being in Samos every week, the visit to Rhodes was the new thing: a splendid as always old town, but also a vibrant community of  hotel owners and touristic businesses laid the landscape for a two-day intensive course of training sessions and meetings.

The class in Rhodes

I promised I will certainly be revisiting the case of tourism-oriented entrepreneurship with local Union of Hotel owners - something that now materialised in the INNOVECO project idea for demand-based entrepreneurship and successfully presented at the Berkeley Global Venture Lab, in San Francisco, on January 2016.

A summary of my talk on smart cities can always be found at: 

InHeritage Entrepreneurship workshop in Lavrion

In late September 2015, I had the chance to take part in an entrepreneurship workshop oriented towards young professionals form the domain of cultural management.  The inHeritage 3-day event targeted the development of new business ideas to take advantage of industrial heritage sites and facilities (e.g. industrial museums, old factories, traditional industrial sites and so on).

The event was happening in parallel in three locations, connected via teleconferencing: the Lavrion Industrial Park where I physically was, the  Athens Industrial Gas Museum and the Museum of Industrial Olive-Oil Production of Lesvos.

View of the old factory at Lavrion
Two things were really unforgettable from my visit:

1. The impressive Lavrion Industrial Park, reminding us the once vibrant "Compagnie Francaise des Mines du Laurium" a revolutionary lead-extracting factory established at around 1880 and operating for about 80 years.  The whole investment, which was significant for Greece at that times, provided the landscape for the first large stock-scandal that shook the country, known as "lavreotika".  A very good description of the "deal" and the forces that powered and lead it can be seen (in Greek) at 

2. The gathering of young professionals (mainly architects and engineers), aiming at developing new, innovative business ideas for the exploiting of our industrial heritage.  In a world of cloud and mobile apps, working with real production sites of the past shows great interest for us - teaching and practicing entrepreneurship at the digital age.

With the team of young entrepreneurs and mentors in Lavrion inHeritage workshop

More about the InHeritage programme can be seen at:

Sunday, August 2, 2015

Summer School on Youth Entrepreneurship, Chios July 2015

For the fourth consecutive year, the 4th Summer School on Youth Entrepreneurship was organized with great success by the Innovation and Entrepreneurship Unit of the University of the Aegean, in collaboration with the School of Management, in Chios, from 6th to 10th July 2015.

The aim of the Summer School was to guide students from various University departments in turning their business ideas into practice, through lectures and mentoring given by University teachers and business executives.  Six business ideas were formed by the 18 participating pre-graduate and post-graduate students, targeting agricultural, tourism, health and education products and services.

Winning teams and judging committee members at the Summer School awards ceremony

The Summer School is an initiative of the Employment & Career Structure of the University of the Aegean, within the Operational Programme "Education and Lifelong Learning: 2007-2015". 

More information on the Summer School can be found at: 

The Samos 2015 Summit - "Beyond Government 2.0"

The 6th Samos Summit was held in Doryssa Hotel, in Samos Greece on June 29 - July 3 2015.  The overall topic of the Summit was On ICT-enabled Governance : “Beyond Government 2.0”.  Specific focus in this year’s summit was given to the following 4 areas of ICT-enabled governance, aiming at delivering high level insights on the new roadmap for research and practice:

  • Information (big, open and linked data, information processing and visualization for governance)
  • Infrastructures (cloud infrastructures, machine intelligence, pervasive computing)
  • People (collaborative decision making, social media in governance, social computing)
  • Organisation (legal issues, process re-engineering, interoperability guidelines and standards)

Also, specific attention was given to Smart Cities examples and practices, followed by a workshop on Samos smart city / smart island possibilities, with the collaboration of Samos Municipality officials.

Samos 2015 Summit participants at Doryssa Resort 

In conjunction with the 6th Samos Summit, the 3rd International Summer School On Open and Collaborative Governance was held, with the participation of students from European Union, the Balkans and US.

More information on the agenda and participants of the Samos 2015 Summit can be found at

Saturday, June 27, 2015

What is Government 3.0 ?

Preparing my talk for the Samos 2015 Summit on ICT-enabled governance I noticed a scarcity of resources for Government 3.0 and the new paradigms for the public sector beyond 2015.  Apart from some early developments in Korea and a few presentations, not much to see on what is coming in this vivid domain.  So, I prepared a slideset that can be seen online below, and I only copy/paste a couple of things here:

Government 3.0 definition

Government 3.0 refers to the utilization of Information and Communication Technologies and neighboring scientific and technological domains, towards societal problems solving, resource optimization and citizen well-being, through civic and enterprise collaboration at local and international level

The paradigm shift for Government 3.0 

The e-Governance Hype Cycle

My complete slide set can be found at : 

Saturday, June 13, 2015

Workshops on Open Data and Entrepreneurship at Krems, Austria

Being at Krems, Austria is a very nice experience, by itself.  So calming, so picturesque and SO clean that redefines a few performance thresholds and levels of citizen commitment.  A little difficult to reach, maybe as much as it should, by the somewhat busy but also well-managed Vienna International Airport, but very easy and welcoming when you get there - via three train connections, one change involving some goodish walking, should you take the train path (no direct bus, too). Thanks to our host Peter Parycek, friend and new professor of e-governance at Krems University, a shuttle bus took us there in 60 minutes. 

Krems an der Donau
Danube University Krems, exists within a very cosy, manageable Campus, combining the old buildings of the former tobacco processing / cigarette factory with a newly built, modern set of auditoriums and  labs.  Utilising such halls and some nearby hotels, the CEDEM Conference on eDemocracy and Open Government took place, together with the SHARE-PSI 2.0 meeting on open data and public sector transformation.

I has the pleasure to co-organise a workshop on Open Data critical success factors, together with colleagues from Netherlands, Sweden and Austria.  The workshop touched upon the key issues that public sector organisations, enterprises and citizens have to deal with, in order to have success in curating, publishing and using open data.  Get a glimpse at the taxonomy of critical success factors for open data, still being restructured through a series of workshops worldwide.

Workshop on Critical Success Factors for Open Data 
Then, I had the experience of organising another workshop on "University - based Business Accelerators", presenting and deliberating on the work we do with Aegean Startups, our new incubator in University of the Aegean.  My opening presentation on Business Accelerators lists some of the functions and services of these new organisations that Universities now put in place.

Participants of the Workshop on "University-based Business Accelerators"


Thursday, May 7, 2015

A visit to Bletchley Park

During April 2015, during my latest visit to London, I spent one morning in Bletchley Park, "once Britain's Best Kept Secret" as they call it.  Bletchley is about 1 hour by train from London, on the north.  The place has become very popular after two events in 2014 (I do not really know if one influenced the other):

One of the more than 20 ENIGMA machines
- looking brand new
- The "Imitation Game" movie that went the most popular movie about the story of Alan Turing and the codebrakers of the second world war

- The complete restoration of the place, which opened for the public at the beginning of 2015 (Bletchley was there before, but without the restoration there was not much to see).

So, is it worth the visit ? (the entrance is around 15 GBP, the ticket might cost another 15 GBP and you will need 4-5 hours at least).  My answer is yes.  The visit will give you some unique insights in the ENIGMA machines, the code-braking techniques and of course the Bombe ! (this weird mechanical computer, that was used to find the positions of ENIGMA wheels based on intercepted messages).

Also, you will able to see not one, but actually two Bombes (Not originals - as all of them were destroyed right after the end of the war.  Or at least this is what the British Government said at the time).  One was made for the needs of the Imitation Game movie (it does not seem to work, but is a very well-made replica) and a full-functioning replica made by the Bletchley park and collaborators.

With the working replica of the Bombe 
Another nice opportunity for the visitor is to see all the restored offices and warehouses of the centre, as it was during the war.  You can also have a seat in Alan Turing's office !

Working at Alan Turing's office at Blechley Park

A nice add-on is the near-by National Museum of Computing, where at an extra cost yo can see the remake of the allegedly first-built electronic computer  / Colossus (built in 1943, before the ENIAC in US).

The Colossus

The MCIS 2015 Conference in Samos


The  9th Mediterranean Conference on Information Systems was held in Samos on 3-5 October 2015, organized by the Information Systems Laboratory (ISL) of the Department of Information and Communication Systems Engineering, of the University of the Aegean, under the auspices of Association of Information Systems (AIS).  The main theme of this year’s Conference is “Information Systems in a changing economy and society”, reflecting the critical role Information Systems play for enterprises and administrations, in their effort to accommodate radical economic and societal changes. MCIS 2015 solicits original contributions in the following non-exclusive tracks:

·       IS and Organizations
·       Smart cities
·       Big data, data protection and privacy in a global society
·       Electronic Government (GOV 2.0)
·       Persuasive Information Systems
·       Project Management and Beyond – accommodation of the critical role of information systems
·       Open Innovation & Knowledge Management
·       Security of Information and IS
·       Digital Entrepreneurship and the Future Enterprise

Paper Submission
We invite research papers that present original contributions to the theme of the conference or the themes of the special tracks in the form of:
·       Full research papers
·       Extended abstracts and short research-in-progress papers
·       Case studies (research and teaching)
·       Panel proposals

Submissions must be original and should not have been published previously.  Papers should be submitted in English, electronically as pdf files via EasyChair:

Authors should indicate, in the main text of the paper, the track for which they wish their paper to be considered. If no track is indicated the paper will be considered for the conference main track. Submissions will be subjected to peer review. Each accepted paper should be presented by one of the authors and accompanied by at least one full registration fee payment, to guarantee publication in the proceedings.  MCIS is a major international conference on Information Systems, endorsed by the American Information Society (AIS) and its proceedings are published in the AIS library and indexed in all major scientific indexes.

Keynote Address                                                                        
Christopher Tucci, Professor of Management of Technology, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) “Information System and Business Model Challenges in The Era of Future Digital Enterprises‏”

Doctoral Consortium
Building upon the success of previous years, MCIS 2015 will include a Doctoral Consortium (DC) program. MCIS 2015 Doctoral Consortium aims to offer doctoral students the opportunity to interact and connect with first-class researchers working in IS fields in a relaxed yet stimulating setting. Ph.D. students currently working on their dissertations are eligible for nomination submission. Candidates should not have successfully defended their dissertation prior the Doctoral Consortium meeting that will be held on October 3rd, 2015, in Samos.  Submissions should be sent by email to‏ by midnight June 15, 2015, Greek time (GMT + 02:00), 2015. More information at
Programm Committee
M. Amami, RMC, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
S. Arvanitis, University of Zurich
H. A. Ismail, German University in Cairo
M. Kajtazi, Örebro University
E. Kolkowska, Örebro University
A. Kokkinaki, University of Nicosia
F. Lampathaki, National Technical University of Athens
G. Lekakos, Athens Univ. of Economics & Business
D. Lekas, Univ. of the Aegean
L. Mitrou, Univ. of the Aegean
A. Montalero, Politecnico di Torino
A. Polydoropoulou, Univ. of the Aegean
A. Pouloudi, Athens Univ. of Economics & Business
B. R. Schlichte, Aarhus University
P. Svejvig, Aarhus University
M. Themistocleous, University of Pireaus
C. L.  Tucci,  École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Conference Chairs
Dr. Euripidis Loukis, Associate Professor, University of Aegean,
Dr. Yannis Charalabidis, Assistant Professor, University of Aegean,

Program Chairs
Dr. Spyros Kokolakis, Assistant Professor, University of Aegean,
Dr. Maria Karyda, Assistant Professor, University of Aegean,

Doctoral Consortium Chair
Dr. Dimitrios Drosos, Lecturer, University of Aegean,

Conference Venue
The Conference took place in the Samaina Inn Hotel, at Karlovassi, Samos, which is just a stone’s throw away from the beach. The hotel has a 230-seat conference centre, air-conditioned and stylishly furnished rooms and offers a wide range of activities.

Saturday, March 21, 2015

Workshop on raising citizen awarenness on Open Data

The  workshop "Raising awareness and engaging citizens in re-using PSI" was held within the SHARE PSI 2.0 conference in Timisoara, Romania on March 17, 2015.  The workshop was co-chaired by Daniel Pop, West University of Timisoara and Yannis Charalabidis, University of the Aegean.  The workhop touched upon ways to enhance citizen participation and engagement in reusing open governmental data.  

Several experiences to boost opendata uptake by citizens and entreprises were presented and discussed, resulting in a set of proposed "ways":

Way #1: Give them a "home"
An open data portal has to offer the ability to citizens / users to create and maintain a profile

Way #2: Make them customers / Create an Open Data marketplace
When a citizen cannot find the dataset he is looking  for, he can put a request that is channeled to the appropriate administration

Way #3: Make them opendata publishers
Allow for upload of datasets by users

Way #4: Allow working on datasets / make them curators
A dataset can be processed by a user and then republished as a new version.  Datasets can be visualised, extended, linked by users

Way #5: Give them incentives
- Measure and publish popularity of the users, based on their activity.
- Give incentives for data usage / utilisation (e.g. free tickets to community events, free parking, to most prominent users)
- Organisation of competitions / datathons with prizes for the best applications
- Organisation of data journalism competitions  for users

Way #6: Involve them upfront
Organise meetings of interest groups (e.g. finance, environment, etc) among interested citizens and entreprises. Use questionnaires, for initial screening of ideas and people.

Way #7: Provide specific support for entreprises
Companies have different viewpoint than citizens: they need data quality, availabiliity, support, etc.  So, provide something like that for companies and utilisation will be higher.

Way #8: Promote the creation of journalism teams
People might want to “tell a story” acting like data journalists within the local communities, but they might not have the skills needed
So, make small groups among citizens to work around open data, generating small or larger stories.

Way #9: Provide training
Citizens without the proper knowledge cannot take advantage of incentives targeting more advanced people.
So, invest in training citizens on basic digital skills (make a web site, work with a dataset, write a story, etc)

A slideset of the main outcomes can be found here: while a full description will be available in the SHARE PSI 2.0 project open database of best practices. 

The workshop panel. From left to right: 
André Lapa, AMA, Portugal (rapporteur)
Noël Van Herreweghe, CORVe, Belgium
Chris Harding, The Open Group, UK
Jan Kučera, University of Economics, Prague
Daniel Pop, West University of Timişoara, Romania (co-chair)
Yannis Charalabidis, University of the Aegean, Greece (co-chair)
Peter Winstanley, Scottish Government, UK
Robert Ulrich, KIT, Germany
Petya Bozhkova, Balkan Services, Bulgaria
Szymon Lewandowski, DG Connect, European Commission

Monday, March 16, 2015

A taxonomy of critical success factors for Open Data

This is a simple two-tier taxonomy of factors that are critical for the success of open data initiatives at local, national and international level.  It has been developed through a series  of workshops analysing and classifying international open data best practices and initiatives. It can be used as a guidance support for public servants, the overall planning of open data initiatives or classification of best practice scenarios or examples.

This is based on work done by:

A. Factors critical for open data publication by administrations

1 Legislation, regulation and licenses
Having in place a (national) legal framework for open data publication
Enforce publishing and curating of data on administrations (maybe even through penalties)
Provide information about data protection and privacy legislation and how open data can be published in compliance with this legislation
Develop a (national) guide on legal Intellectual Property Right (IPR) issues allowing organizations to pick the correct licensing form
2 Strategy and political support
Develop a strategy for open data publication at an (inter)national level
Ensure that (top) management within governmental agencies supports publishing data
Generate support of policy-makers for data publication
Organize focus groups with heads of departments and open data policy implementers to give both proponents and opponents of open data an auditorium
Introduce incentives schemes for public servants (e.g. explain why a data provider would release data, explain what kind of value is created for the data provider)
Create consensus between open data publication and the organizational framework for publishing data
3 Management support and publication processes within governmental agencies
Define clear process steps for publishing data
Determine which type of data is important to address societal issues and focus on the publication of these data
Start with the publication of data which is interesting for users so that the users see the benefit of open data
Determine which data and metadata will and will not be published
Determine which standards and vocabularies will be used for data publication
Determine which personnel has the key responsibilities for publishing open data
Determine where datasets will be published
Release only data which is of high quality
4 Training of and support for civil servants
Create a virtual competence center which assists in answering questions and helping out with administrative data publication processes
Provide training on open data publication within governmental agencies (e.g. training on how datasets can be anonymized)
Develop information campaigns in which questions about open data publication are discussed
Develop information campaigns in which success stories of internal and external open data use are discussed
5 Evaluation of the open data initiative
Develop metrics and success indicators for data publication by government departments
Evaluate the realization of metrics and success indicators as an integral part of the open data initiative
6 Sustainability of the open data initiative
Identify the need for data
Create a strategy for maintaining published datasets
Ensure data provision continuity, including timely and automatic updates of data
Be transparent towards open data users about the conditions under which data publication takes place
7 Collaboration
Arrange meetings with open data users to find out what their needs are and how the data from the governmental agency are used
Organize internal meetings to discuss the data publication processes and to evaluate them
Organize inter-organizational collaboration about and management of open data initiatives
Ensure agile and  open cooperation with various other organizations (administration, universities, CSO, Open Knowledge Foundation)
Organize inter-organizational collaboration (e.g. network meetings) to learn from the open data initiatives of other governmental agencies
8 Open data platforms, tools and services
Integrate the open data platform into existing Content Management Systems (CMS) to kick-start the progress
Have one central portal which combines data from many different governmental organizations (federal level)
Implement advanced data search functionalities
Use complementary toolsets for performing additional curation tasks (cleaning, linking, visualizing, analyzing)

Use a “web 2.0” approach for open data, allowing citizens to post, rate, work with datasets and web services
Integrate frameworks for assessing data quality and usability of data and platform, providing continuous feedback to developers and administrations
Provide a forum to discuss what can be learned from open data use
Develop a clear User Interface (logical symbols, clear setup of the web page, simple design)
9 Accessibility, interoperability and standards
Use standards for data, metadata, licenses, URIs and exchange protocols
Use cloud infrastructures able to gather, manage and publish open data, interoperable with other sources within the country or region
Integrate metadata schemas and federated controlled vocabularies for properly categorizing information
Provide various types of metadata, in line with metadata standards (e.g. CERIF, CKAN, DC, EGMS, DCAT)
Provide Application Programming Interfaces (API’s) for open data provision in the form of service feeds (from open data to open services)
Enable multilinguality of metadata and data, allowing for the reuse and integration of data from different countries/languages


B. Factors critical for open data use by citizens, entreprises and administrations

10 Legislation, regulation and licenses
Provide information on the meanings and implications of licenses
Provide information about privacy legislation and how open data can be used in compliance with this legislation
11 Success stories
Provide readily available examples of open data use (e.g. apps) to non-experts
Develop stories of successful open data use
Involve community key players to propagate success stories
12 Incentives for open data use

Provide incentive schemes to  engage citizens in open data usage
Stimulate the development of specialized, open-data driven startup incubators
Stimulate the development of business models to allow enterprises to develop add-on services on top of open data platforms, at a cost
Support issue-oriented community building through participatory events
Align events, competitions and hackathons with, for example, university curricula, awards, festivals and “direct marketing”
13 Training of and support for open data users
Ensure agile, dynamic, and professional support services and training for potential open data users 
Organize events and ensure community building where the potential benefits of open data are communicated to users (e.g. by building scenarios for usage)
14 Feedback and sustainability
Provide mechanisms for governmental agencies to know how their data have been reused
Provide mechanisms for governmental agencies to know what can be learned from the reuse of their data
Provide mechanisms for governmental agencies to know how the publication of their data can be improved based on feedback that they received from open data users
15 Research and education
Develop university and continuous education curricula on open data
Develop and maintain research areas roadmaps on open data, in order to consolidate research efforts and address open issues